One of the strengths of Judaism has always been that our religious leaders of each era have been able to successfully bridge our ancient tradition with the needs and the zeitgeist of their generation. To be sure, this does not mean that they made substantial changes to the tradition, it means that rabbis of old were able to understand the intellectual currents of their contemporaries and thus show the relevancy of a timeless religion and Torah.
Maimonides, in the 1200’s for example, wrote his philosophical works in order to bridge Judaism with the intellectual trends of his time. The publication of the Kabbalistic magnum opus the Zohar in the 1300’s coincided with the popularity of sufism and other forms of non-Jewish mysticism. This orientation has continued up until recently where some scholars have maintained that certain forms of Hasidism contain distinctively postmodern themes (see Loewenthal, 2013). It can be argued that this trend of constantly reapplying our ancient tradition to the intellectual currents of the time is what has kept our religion alive, vibrant and relevant.
The alarming success ISIS has had in conquering territory in the Iraq and Syria coupled with our current inability to confront or hold them back is deeply troubling. Early this year many of us watched in horror as ISIS carried out acts of unspeakable evil and posted them to Facebook and other social media sites. Many of us asked why the United States government was silent when it came to this horrific group. We were alarmed when State Department statements and briefing papers made no mention of this threat.
While Israel was fighting a war against Hamas early in the summer the Obama administration and the rest of the “civilized” world were busy condemning Israel for excessive force while they were silent about the barbarism of ISIS. President Obama now wants us to believe that while those of us with a Facebook account were aware of what ISIS was doing, the Unites States intelligence community was not. It seems to me that there is more to it then that: this was a case of willful ignorance and that ignorance continues to this day.
It is at this time of year that Jews spend time in self reflection and assessment. The Jewish New Year or Rosh Hashanah, which begins tomorrow, starts a ten day period which culminates with Yom Kippur, the day of atonement. We can generally separate reflection into two categories: reflection on behaviour and reflection on attitude. The former focuses on how we act as human beings, how we treat others, our level of productivity and our personal moral and spiritual conduct. Reflection on attitude, conversely, has to do with the beliefs, opinions and views we hold. Often we spend time reflecting on how we acted over the past year but devote little time to reviewing our attitudes and strongly held views.
But in the confessions of the Yom Kippur liturgy forgiveness is also sought for sins which we have committed by improper thoughts and by a confused heart. This, in my view, is referring to sins associated with improper beliefs and opinions. We often take it for granted that the opinions and attitudes we hold are necessarily the correct ones. Asking people to question their deeply held beliefs is especially challenging in a community that demands an unwavering and unquestioning doctrinal belief.
Just when we thought that terrorists could not become any more barbaric, this week in Sydney, Australia locals faithful to ISIS had planned public beheadings of random people off the street. Having recently returned from a visit to Australia I can attest that it is a wonderful place. Despite the high cost of living Australia boasts a vibrant democracy, a healthy economy, ample opportunities, a generous welfare system, lots of good weather, beautiful outdoors and people there seem happy and friendly. Yet we have also learned that one of the leaders of ISIS is Australian.
Who are these Australian (and British) ISIS members and what do they want? What would inspire Westerners to leave their comfortable homes and join a force that murders innocent people, including fellow citizens of their own countries, in the most barbaric fashion and then post videos of their dastardly acts on the internet to brag?
Make no mistake about it Israel is in the midst of a war for its very survival. Hamas has invested in acquiring more advanced rockets to fire indiscriminately as Israeli civilians and to create a network of tunnels through which they seek to sneak into Israel to kill and capture thousands of innocent Jews.
Throughout this latest round of the conflict well meaning people have called for Israel to end its fight against Hamas. Most in the West don’t realize that Hamas is a fanatical religious organization whose raison d’etre is to have armed conflict with Israel leading to the destruction of the State of Israel. In fact the very idea of a cease-fire with Hamas is nonsensical because Hamas has only one goal, to destroy Israel. They see this as a religious obligation from God.